Category Archives: Term 2, Year 1

Notes on Surrealism, photographers surrealism

Oleg oprisco http://www.oprisco.com/ 

he plays with perception and creates irony in his pictures

Anka Zhuravleva

Oleg Oprisco is a fine art photographer born in the town of Lviv, Ukraine. During his teen years he has worked in a photo lab and after completing his studies he was an assistant in Kiev to a well-known photographer that worked in advertising. Oleg believes in the power of practice. That’s why in interviews he is often quoted telling young artists to stop searching for their idols’ work and practice their own style much more. He uses his past experiences as a stepping ladder for future projects. For instance, Oleg has shared in a previous interview that he has visited thousands of occasions with a high level of attention to detail, for instance weddings and birthdays. Those experiences have taught him the colors that people like and this is one bit of knowledge gained from practice that he uses even now.

Oleg oprisco http://www.oprisco.com/

he is a fin art photographer; she uses perception and different perspectives to make here moddles look like they are decorating or sowing fields together. He worked in a photo lab during his teen years and then became an a photography sistant

Anka Zhuravleva – Moscow raised and St. Petersburg based awesome artist and photographer Anka Zhuravleva invites you to be mesmerized by her latest photo-artwork series “Distorted Gravity”.

Philippe Halsman

Philippe Halsman was an American portrait photographer. He was born in Riga in the part of the Russian Empire which later became Latvia, and died in New York City. 1906 – 1979

Christian Hopkins

Achraf Baznani

this idea was to take pictures based around the theme of quality and surrealism, i was going to take pictures based around peoples stereo types on what cloths they would were and how they would act.

IMG_7403  Unknown-1

Surrealism was launched in Paris in 1924 by  André Breton with the publication of his Manifesto of Surrealism.

Breton was  influenced by the theories of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis. Freud identified a deep layer of the human mind where memories and our most basic instincts are stored. He called this the unconscious, since most of the time we are not aware of it. The aim of surrealism was to reveal the unconscious and reconcile it with rational life. Surrealism also aimed at social and political revolution and for a time was affiliated to the Communist party.

Surrealism became an international movement (notably in Belgium, Britain and the former Czechoslavakia), widely influencing art, literature and the cinema as well as social attitudes and behaviour.The British Surrealist group formed in 1936 with artist Paul Nash and critic Herbet Read among its founding members. Soon after forming, they organised the First International Surrealist Exhibition in London which attracted huge public attention.

surealisum photographers

Tim Walker

Eugène Atget

Jerry Uelsmann

 

philippe halsman

Philippe Halsman was an American portrait photographer. He was born in Riga in the part of the Russian Empire which later became Latvia, and died in New York City. 1906 – 1979

Christian Hopkins

achraf Baznani

 


this idea was to take pictures based around the theme of quality and surrealism, i was going to take pictures based around peoples stereo types on what cloths they would were and how they would act.

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Unknown-1.jpeg Oleg Oprisco pictures

Surrealism, my photographs

Vampire – Nothing to Hide

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How did I create this picture?

I created this picture by putting a person against white background this was to remove potential distracting elements and features in the picture. I then got the person in the photo to hold a phone to hide their mouth. The phone is showing a drawing of a vampire’s mouth and teeth. My intention was to make the drawing of the mouth in the phone align with the models face and jaw line so that picture looks like the girls mouth, I then got the girl to smile and make the facial expression that looked natural with the picture on the phone. I didn’t use any Photoshop on the picture.

What worked well?

I believe this picture has worked well because I created an image without any distracting features in the picture. This picture has also worked well because I have created a new and interesting composition combining the real face with the image of the vampire’s mouth displayed on the phone.

How can I improve the picture? 

I can improve this picture by turning the phone brightness up this is so the picture on the phone will be brighter and easier to see, I could also use a brighter picture this is so the picture will stand out on the phone and against the persons face. I could also improve the picture by using auto focus on the camera, this would make sure that the entire picture is in focus. This would make a crisper and better quality picture. I could also improve the picture by experimenting with a faster shutter speed, this would prevent the person looking washed out in the picture.

How does this fit in with my theme of surrealism?

This fits in with my theme of surrealism because the combination of imaginary fantasy and real life combined create a surreal image.

How can I develop this idea further?

I could develop this idea further by using multiple smart phones that show different facial parts, the eyes, nose and hair to build a picture of a face on top of the models body, these being held by people, or the phones being held in clamp stands.   I could experiment with a larger tablet with a full picture of a vampire or other fantasy character. I could also experiment with the person holding another object completely different that could be a surreal replacement for the head; An apple, orange, flower, clock face, pizza or chicken.

Polo Exploration – Eye spied through the hole.

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How did I create this picture?

I created this picture outside in natural day light, this is so that I could capture some of the surrounding trees and nature creating an interesting background. The full daylight also gave me better lighting for the picture. I got someone to stand in the middle of the picture with their eyes looking straight at the camera. I then framed the persons head with a Polo mint by holding the mint and focusing on the head. From a far this made the persons head look small compared to the polo mint surrounding her face.

What worked well?

Framing of the person worked well, this is because I have managed to frame the person in the polo mint with their eye looking straight at the camera. The bright hair is still visible surrounding the polo making an eye catching element with the blue hair against the white polo mint.

How can I improve the picture? 

A smaller aperture would make both the girl and the polo mint in focus. I could have tried sticking the Polo mint to a stick or stirrer attached to a tripod to hold the Polo perfectly still, close down the aperture very small to increase the depth of field and take a longer exposure.

How does this fit in with your theme of surrealism

This fits in with my theme of surrealism because playing with perspective is a common theme used by surrealists to make the viewer question what is real or what is not.

How can I develop this idea further?

I could develop this idea further by using different items to look through. I could experiment with a ring, possibly with a gem stone that would add colour and sparkle. I could try using a magnifying glass, this would have a distortion effect. I could shoot through the centre of a CD disc, the reflections and refraction caused by the CD adding interest. I could also experiment with holding a ring doughnut and shoot through the centre of the doughnut.

Alec Soth

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Alec Soth was born in 1969 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. United States. Soth studied art and painting in New York at Sarah Lawrence College.

Soth changed his focus to creating outdoor sculpture and photographed them. This was what started Soth into photography. Soth studied photography with Joel Sternfeld and was impressed and influenced his photography. In an interview with Alec Soth by Jonathan Blaustein published in the American Photographer May 2013 http://aphotoeditor.com/2013/05/21/alec-soth-interview-part-1/ Soth also says that many other American photographers had an influence on his work such as Eggleston, Walker Evans, Stephen Shore and the staged photographs by Cindy Sherman.

Soth is known for his documentary style photography and has published several books, Looking for Love, Broken Manual, One Mississippi, Dog Days Bogotá, and Sleeping by the Mississippi.

Soth captures his images using colour and black and white film, large format cameras using tripod stands. Soth unlike Eggleston travels further around America, Soth’s book One Mississippi documents the scenes in people and places.

I see a connection between William Eggleston that relates to Alec soth’s work. They both photograph everyday places, events and people in social and community, going about their daily lives and settings. Both photographers capture things that are not always beautiful but the photographs make the viewer look deeper and the photographs create a story making you interested and intrigued in the pictures. They also show a traditional documentary style and realism in their pictures with atmosphere.

Latest exhibition that has been on show at the Science Museum, London is ‘Gathered Leaves’ 7 October 2015 – 28 March 2016 http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/visitmuseum/Plan_your_visit/exhibitions/alec-soth

A review of the ‘Gathered Leaves’ exhibition is published in the BJP online. “Photography is a language.” Alec Soth on his first UK exhibition Gathered Leaves. David James, 8 October 2015. http://www.bjp-online.com/2015/10/photography-is-a-language-alec-soth-on-his-first-uk-exhibition-gathered-leaves/

The Gathered Leaves exhibition was a collection of photographs from many of his previous books and exhibitions.

http://mackbooks.co.uk/books/1094-Gathered-Leaves.html

Latest exhibition that has been on show at the Science Museum, London is ‘Gathered Leaves’

http://mackbooks.co.uk/books/1094-Gathered-Leaves.html

 

USA. Vasa, Minnesota. 2002. Charles.
USA. Vasa, Minnesota. 2002. Charles.

 

Links to web sites that show his works and information about Soth.

http://www.magnumphotos.com/C.aspx?VP3=CMS3&VF=MAGO31_10_VForm&ERID=24KL532_M

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/photography/what-to-see/alec-soth-americas-greatest-photographers/

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/oct/06/alec-soth-gathered-leaves-photographer-uk-retrospective

http://www.interviewmagazine.com/art/alec-soth-songbook-sean-kelly

http://alecsoth.com/photography/

Julia Margaret Cameron

 

julia_margaret_cameron_by_george_frederic_watts
Julia Margaret Cameron, painting by George Frederic Watts

Julia Margret Cameron 1815-1879, was born in Calcutta, India.  Cameron moved between India and France before moving to England in 1848.  Finally Cameron in 1875 moved to Sri Lanka where she died.  Cameron’s career in photography started in 1863 when her daughter gave her a camera for her 48th birthday.  Cameron joined the Photographic Societies of London and Scotland within the same year as receiving her camera.

Cameron became a famous portrait photographer, using famaly members and servants as models to pose in front of the camera.  Cameron also took portrait photographs of some very significant literary and artistic personalities of her time icluding Robert Browning (poet and playwright), Alfred Lord Tennyson (poet), John Everett Millais (painter and illustrator) ,George Fredric Watts (painter and sculptor), Charles Darwin (naturalist).

Cameron’s style of portrait photography is usuall closely cropped so the viewr focuses on the face.Julia Jackson 1867.jpg

Cameron’s style was to create photographs that had romantic artistic qualities, creating pictures and portraits of people wearing clothing  and in poses that mirrored fashionable romantic paintings that were being produced at that time.  These photographs that were inspired by literature and legends.

Cameron is now regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of photography

Cameron originally took  photos on a larger  camera which held a 15 ¬x 12 inch glass negative though she changed to a large format camera this is so she could take pictures with a larger scale and create more pictures with here photographic vision

Research equality in photography

Equality can be seen in photography as a topic or subject about equality, leaders and pioneers of equality issues.

Photography can be used as a tool to highlight equality, inequality and discrimination, a means to represent the justice or injustice that exists in the world. Photography can be used to make a statement, to provoke the viewer to question their own values or the values of others. Their ethics, principles, morals to bring about change and equality.

Subjects of equality can include:

  • Gender equality between male, female or transgender
  • Sexuality heterosexual, homosexual
  • Race or ethnicity
  • Religion, Christian, Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist
  • Wealth rich or poor
  • Politics, democracy and freedom of speech or dictatorship
  • Social and welfare, friends or friendless, homeless, large or small house
  • Age young and old
  • Technology Has the latest gadgets, cameras, computers and internet to people that have none
  • Health and disability

Equality is about giving everyone an equal and fair opportunity, not to shun or hide things that make one uncomfortable, the ability to celebrate and enjoy our differences, but not at the expense of another. Equality offers inclusion not exclusion, but gives the individual the freedom to choose.

The wide spread carrying of mobile phones with cameras is having a social impact on equality. When people behave that someone disagrees with there is now nearly always someone around with a mobile phone that can record acts of inequality or discrimination.

 

 

Equality great leaders and social reformers

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Figure 1 Martin Luther King by Jack Lewis Hiller. Geltin Silver print 1960

NPG x128760; Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela by Jillian Edelstein

Figure 2 Nelson Mandela 1997 bromide fibre print by Jillian Edelstein

NPG x194159; Emmeline Pankhurst by Underwood & Underwood

Figure 3 Emmeline Pankhurst by Underwood & Underwood. 1910

 

Images of Inequality

 

Figure 4 Nazi book burning in Germany during WWII

 

Figure 5 American Race Riots, Arrest

 

Equality of age

 

Equality of ages includes images of all ages, babies, infants, children to the youth of teens and twenty somethings of the stereotypical beautiful age of models. Equality in age continues to the more mature right through to the old and elderly. All make interesting subjects for different reasons.

 

The very young for their innocence, the child for their energy, the radiance of youth and their eagerness to experience. The experience and wisdom of age that has developed character that shows on the face and body.

 

Equality of Gender and sexuality

 

Women have figured heavily as subjects in photographs, models for the fashion industry that has a high commercial turnover. Women also are subjects for artistic nude photographs to glamour and the pornography industry.

The high use of women as model subjects may stem from the historical high number of male photographers wanting subjects to photograph, to emulate the classic visual arts of painting where women frequently appear as the subject of art.

The male image in photography is more frequently portrayed at work or the subject of a portrait, less often for their artistic beauty.

In more recent and liberal times since the 1960s there are more photographs of outwardly homosexual people and couples. Transgender and transvestites are increasingly been included as interesting subjects by photographers.

Equality of social and welfare

 

A popular subject from the early days of photography. Some photographs were not intentionally taken to highlight social standing or welfare, but the volume of photographs has built a social profile of society and places.   The early photographers in their studios took photographers typically of the middle classes that showed the fashions, and family status. There were photographers that took their cameras out to the streets to record the housing, living conditions of the less fortunate at home and at work. The well to do would commission photographers to record their big houses, sometimes the staff and their prize possessions.

 

Equality in politics, democracy and freedom of speech or dictatorship

 

Everyone has the right to follow their political views as long as they do not become extreme and result in restricting others from freedom of speech, to express themselves and result in a dictatorship. Photography has recorded powerfully times when this goes wrong such as the race riots of America in the 1960s and the acts of persecution by Ku Klux Klan, the shocking scenes after World War 2 when concentration camps were liberated. The more recent photographs that show the results of acts of hatred and terrorism and wars. Photojournalists have recorded impartial whilst telling the accurate representation of events.

 

 

Examples of equality in photography

 

Sally Mann contemporary photographer famous for taking many photographs of her young family used old photographic technology, large format plate camera, creating gelatin silver prints. The photograph of Candy cigarette shows a young girl emulating an adult smoking.

 

Candy Cigarette, 1989 by Sally Mann

 

 

Katy Grannan photographer that takes photographs of everyday people, young and old, not the stereotypical ‘beautiful models’. The photograph of Nicky, (U.S.M.C.) Presidio. Is one of several photographs that Grannan took of Nicky a transsexual who served as a United States Marine Corps soldier when she was a man. The subject of Nicky shows an equality of sexuality.

 

Figure 6 Nicky, (U.S.M.C.) Presidio. 2005 by Katy Grannan

 

Anonymous, Los Angeles, Boulevard 11 (2011) Anonymous, San Francisco, Boulevard 15 (2010)

Anonymous, San Francisco, Boulevard 15 (2010) by Katy Grannan

 

 

Grannan takes photographs of people that are not celebrities or politicians, but members of the public that agree to have their photograph taken usually against white wall backgrounds so that the viewer focuses on the subject of the person. There is a sense of equality how all the people are photographed, young or old, rich or poor, man or women.

 

Steve McCurry a photographer famous for high quality photographs that have been published in the National Geographic of ethnic people that are in their own surroundings. The lighting and colour show their interesting craggy wrinkled faces and beautiful faces. They also are a record of social ethnicity of people living their lives wearing their clothes and jewellery

 

Figure 7 Universal Language, Loikaw, Burma/Mayanmar

 

Figure 8 Portraits Peshawar, Pakistan by Steve McCurry

 

Figure 9 Last Roll of Kodachrome Rajasthan, India by Steve McCurry

 

 

Diane Arbus, photographer of people who are usually shunned to the edge of society, transgender with disabilities or deformities, not thee accepted ‘beautiful’ people. Arbus’ photographs show an equality in that these subjects are interesting and proud and have just as much right for the attention of the viewer. In fact the photographs allow the viewer to look and gaze longer than normal social convention would allow to fully appreciate the person in the photograph.

 

Figure 10 Masked woman in a wheelchair, PA, 1970

 

Figure 11 A Young Man in Curlers at Home on West 20th Street, N.Y.C. 1966

 

 

Robert Mapplethorpe

 

Photographs that break the tradition of male female stereotypes and sexuality and inter-racial relationships

 

Figure 12 Two men Dancing, Robert Mapplethorpe

 

Figure 13 ROBERT-MAPPLETHORPE-TWO-MEN-DANCING-1984

 

Figure 14 Johnny Vegas as Demi Moore 2006 by Karl J. Kaul

 

Karl J Kaul’s photograph of Johnny Vegas has him pose nude in a comical take on the nude photograph taken of Demi Moore when she was pregnant.

 

Philippe Bazin A photographer that focuses on portraits of the very young and old and in-between.

 

Figure 15 Nés, 1998-1999 by Philippe Bazin

 

Figure 16 Faces (vieillards), 1985-1986 by Philippe Bazin

 

Jaskirt Dhaliwal a female documentary photographer specialising in portraiture. Dhaliwal records stories of individuals and groups of people, how and why they behave the way they do sports and what drives them through photography.

 

 

Figure 17 Ladies football team by Jaskirt Dhaliwal